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2019-12-12 週四 14:03:35 PM

きざみ食調製時における野菜類のミネラル変化に関する研究(Cooking loss of minerals in “Kizami Diet”—In case of vegetables—)

發佈日期:2016-10-12

標題
きざみ食調製時における野菜類のミネラル変化に関する研究(Cooking loss of minerals in “Kizami Diet”—In case of vegetables—)
作者
川上 明子, 佐々木 弘子, 菅原 龍幸(Akiko Kawakami, Hiroko Sasaki, Tatsuyuki Sugahara)
文件屬性
日本研究
知識分類
食品應用
出版年
2006
刊名
日本食生活学会誌
17
2
P 141-149
點閱數
2695

摘要

11種類の野菜類を用いてきざみ食調製時, あらかじめ刻んでから茹でる場合と, ざく・乱切りしてから茹で, その後刻む場合とがある。両者について主要なミネラル7種類についての損失を比較した。また, 茹で水中のミネラル含有量が調製したきざみ食にどのような影響を及ぼすかについて検討し, 以下のような結果を得た。
Minced diets can be prepared in two different way using 11 kinds of vegetables, that is, in one way the vegetables are minced to a smaller size beforehand and then boiled. In another way, the vegetables are out into the regular size, boiled and then minced to a smaller size. We determined and compared the lose of 7 major types of minerals in these 2 types of minced vegetables. Furthermore, we examined the influence of the mineral content in the water used for boiling on the prepared minced vegetables. The obtained results were as follows.
  (1) The vegetables that were minced to a small size and then boiled had a greater mineral content loss, but with a few exceptions, than those obtained by cutting into a regular size, boiled then minced.
  (2) The mineral content in the vegetables that increased along with the increased water hardness was only the Mg, which was high from the beginning, when the change in 5 kinds of minerals including Na, K, Ca, Mg, and Fe were examined by boiling the 5 kinds of vegetables in water of different hardness, i.e., 100, 500, 1000, and 1500, prepared from deionized water and commercially available bottled deep-sea drinking water with a hardness of 1500.
  (3) When tap water was used as the water for boiling, it appeared that the mineral in the tap water hardly affected the mineral loss in the minced vegetables.
  (4) When the vegetables obtained by draining after boiling with the water of hardness 1500 prepared from the bottled deep-sea drinking water and MgCl2 and those obtained by draining after boiling and rinsing with the deionized water were exmined. The Mg content in the latter was lower than in the former, but higher than that in the control even after rinsing with water. Taking into account these findings, there in the possibility that the increase in the Mg content might have been partly due to the absorption of Mg into the vegetable tissue as well as adhesion.

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